ISO 27001 Interview Questions - Vinsys

ISO 27001 Interview Questions and Answers

ISO 27001 certification happens to be the only trustworthy information and security management standard for the corporate sector. It is an internationally recognized certification that describes, implements, and maintains the Information Security Management system’s best practices. (ISMS).

ISO certification carries the most important for organizations. ISO 27001 certified organizations are of immense market value. Clients are confident about the integrity of such organizations with the latest version of ISO Certification. However, many people are confused about what they will be asked during the interview in an ISO 27001 Lead Auditor and ISO 27001 Lead Implementer certification. A list of commonly asked questions and their answers are of great help to such job seekers. 

A list of such questions and their answers are being mentioned below.


1.What are the advantages of ISO 27001 certification for the organization? 

An ISO 27001 certification is an achievement for any organization. The advantages of this certification are as follows-

  • Protection the organization from cyber attacks
  • Maintaining the confidentiality of the organization.
  • The ability of a hacker to access confidential information is minimized.
  • It ensures legal protection.
  • The organization is protected against data theft.
  • The availability of IT systems and processes is ensured.
  • Financial loss and damage to reputation are mitigated.
  • IT risks and potential damage are mitigated.
  • IT risks are controlled.
  • The weak areas are exposed and rectified.
  • The compliance requirements are met.
  • Expenses are reduced
  • An ISO 27001 certification proves that the organization has a well-defined system to handle cyber attacks and cybersecurity.
  • The framework is used to handle many compliance requirements, like PCI and NIST.
  • This certification offers a framework for technology and people. This framework ensures that technology and people adhere to the requirements of the organization.

2.What are the aims of the ISO 27001 certification?

The ISO 27001 certification aims towards a centrally controlled management system. It protects information consistently. Additionally, it ensures effective monitoring to cut down threats to business processes. It also effectively curbs IT security risks.

3.What is the validity of your ISO 27001 certification?

The ISO certification is valid for three years.

4.Which areas are assessed for the ISO 27001 certification?

The following areas are assessed following the ISO 27001 certification-

  • Guidelines of Information security
  • Asset management
  • Security of staff
  • Supplier relationships
  • Cryptography
  • Compliance
  • Access control
  • Physical And environmental-related security
  • Purchasing, developing and maintaining systems
  • Communication security
  • Information security aspects of managing business continuity
  • Operational security

5.What is meant by risk assessment according to ISO 27001 certification?

Risk management is an integral part of ISO 27000 certificationAccording to ISO 27001 certification, risk assessment helps organizations identify, analyze, and evaluate the information security processes’ weaknesses.

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6.What is the purpose behind the ISO 27001 certification?

Every company has certain standards for maintaining its data and information. The purpose behind ISO 27001 certification is to provide a framework for such standards. This certification teaches employees to protect the information, not be IT engineers.

7.Which industries need ISO 27001 certified employees?

Basically, any industry that handles sensitive data needs ISO 27001 certified professionals.A few examples of such industries are as follows-

  • Financial industry
  • IT companies
  • Government agencies
  • Telecom industry
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8.What is ISO 27001 all about?

ISO 27001 provides the method so that companies may find out which potential risks may happen to them. Then, ISO 27001 defines certain procedures to change the behavior of employees. The changed behavior of employees prevents such incidents from getting repeated.

9.Is ISO 27001 only necessary for IT companies?

A common misconception is that ISO 27001 certification only benefits IT companies especially IT Project Managers. However, this certification is less about IT and more about protecting information. All industries are prone to security breaches. Many such industries use sub-standard technology for protecting their sensitive information. Most of their employees are not even familiar with the technology. It has limited scope to prevent cybercrime or data theft.

 It is where ISO 27001 comes into play. It outlines a method for all the industries to find out what could happen to them. Then, it defines the procedures for changing employee behavior. A changed employee behavior prevents such incidents from repeating. So, any organization that has sensitive information to be protected needs ISO 27001. The organization may be private or government. It may be a profitable organization or non-profit.

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10.Why is ISO 27001 certification needed for the Banking sector?

 Laws related to protecting data are the strictest in the banking sector. ISO 27001 is the ideal method to achieve compliance. So, presenting it to the executives is simple. The joyous news? The lawyers have based their laws according to ISO 27001 guidelines.

The financial sector contains data about how much money an individual has in which bank.

 Also, a popular English proverb says, “Prevention is better than cure.” It is better to prevent data theft from occurring than to deal with its consequences. The banking sector needs to take the most prompt action when it comes to protecting sensitive data. So, ISO 27001 certification is necessary for this sector.

11.Why is ISO 27001 certification necessary in the health care sector?

The health care industry needs to protect the records of its patients. The pharmaceutical companies protect the data they are acquiring with certain formulae. The manufacturing industry requires to protect data related to a particular part they are manufacturing. So, this sector is in urgent need of ISO 27001 certification.

12.Why does the telecom industry need an ISO 27001 certification?

The telecom industry protects massive data. Of late, after a few massive natural disasters hit certain countries, the telecom industry has faced multiple outages. So, the industry has acquired loads of data for rectifying the outage. ISO 27001 provides a framework for protecting sensitive data.

Also, the regulations of the telecom industry are on the rise. So, ISO 27001 certification Is of prime importance in this sector to protect the data.

13.What are a few common steps for passing the ISO 27001 certification?

ISO 27001 certification needs a lot of preparation. Let us find out a few common steps for passing this certification-

  • Preparation
  • Establishing the context, scope, and objectives
  • Conducting a risk assessment
  • Establishing a management framework
  • Implementing controls to mitigate risks
  • Conducting training
  • Reviewing and updating the necessary documents
  • Measuring, monitoring, and reviewing
  • Conducting internal audits
  • Registration/certification audits

14.ISO 27001 certification compulsory for an organization?

An ISO 27001 certification increases the standard of the organization. However, it is not mandatory for compliance.

15.What are the domains of ISO 27001?

ISO 27001 has several domains. They are as follows-

  • Security policy
  • Organization of information security
  • Human resources security
  • Asset management
  • Physical and environmental security
  • Operation and communication management
  • Access control
  • Acquiring, maintaining, and developing information systems
  • Managing information security
  • Managing business continuity
  • Compliance

16.What is the difference between ISO 27001 and ISO 27002?

ISO 27001 is a standard. Organizations seek certification to achieve the standard. On the other hand, ISO 27002 is a code of practice. ISO 27002 provides additional guidelines regarding the information for security controls identified in Annex A of ISO 27001-2013.

17.What does an ISO 27001 audit mean?

 Every organization undergoes an audit to evaluate the Information Security Management System. Such audits are done against ISO 27001-2013 standard and internal requirements. The purpose of the audit is to determine that an organization is using its information security policy to protest itself against potential threats. These audits are known as ISO 27001 audits. They may be external or internal. Certain factors pose a threat to the availability, confidentiality, and integrity of sensitive information. An ISO 27001 audit checks whether the organization is equipped to deal with such threats.

18.What is the meaning of Annex A of ISO 27001:2013 standard?

Annex A of the standard has114 controls. They are organized into fourteen categories according to categories. They deal with multiple issues, such as-

  • Transmission and encryption of data
  • Information security training
  • Physical security
  • Access management

19.Which level of background screening is needed for iSO 27001 compliance?

The concept of performing background screening on all employees is a fundamental part of all Information security standards. The organizations need to be sure about the people who get access to confidential information. The background screening reflects a particular gradient. For example,- an accountant goes through a bare minimum background check with an extra credit check. On the other hand, a candidate applying for a legal advisor’s Post is granted more access to sensitive data than an accountant. So, the legal advisor needs more background screening.

20.Is ISO 27001 certification sufficient to meet GDPR?

GDPR covers the processing and security of data.-Only ISO 27001 certification is not enough to get compliance with GDPR.

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21.Does ISO 27001 impact the staff of the organization?

Yes, ISO 27001 certification has the potential to impact the staff of the organization. All the ISO 27001 certified organizations have to ensure that they complete staff awareness training. In the absence of staff awareness training, the organization’s information and management system may be at risk. In case a major change is introduced to storing, archiving, and retrieving data, the ISO 27001 training will affect the staff.

22.Is it possible to do ISO 27001 and GDPR simultaneously?

Yes, it is possible to do ISO 27001 and GDPR simultaneously.

23.How reliable is an ISO 27001 certification?

An ISO 27001 is of utmost reliability.

24.What else is new about ISO 27001? Is it only about risk?

ISO 27001 is not only about risk. It involves plenty of other changes. For example,- management has an additional responsibility in IT risk management and IT Service Management There will also be more flexibility in your selection of risk methods.

25.Does it takes a great effort to shift to the new ISO 27001?

There is nothing to worry about if the company is already ISO 27001 certified. However, ISO 27001 is not only full of technical demands for security or internal audit. The 2005 version of the draft matches the 2013 version. The prime difference between the two versions is that its presentation has changed. The 2013 version has sharper formulations. Certain areas have been made more flexible.

26.How is the mapping between NIST SP 800-53 controls and ISO 27001?

Yes, the mapping between NIST SP- 800-53 and ISO 27001 is good.

27.Will the management have to face any consequences if they do not live up to compliance?

If any company has decided to appoint a risk owner, they will face the consequence of not living up to compliance. Not living up to compliance may have an impact on ISO 27001 certification. It may result in a reprimand during audit visits.

28.Why was ISO 24001:2013 published?

International standards need to be frequently revised. Management systems evolve, reflect, and mature the changing requirements globally. As a result, they become widely used. So, we have ISO 27001:2013.

29.What does ISO 27001:2013 certification mean to organizations?

 The national accreditation bodies will publish a few transition rules. The rules will outline how to shift from a 2005 standard certified management to the 2013 standard certified management. The major changes will be in the following areas-

  • Structural aspects
  • The process they have used for continuous aspects
  • Their approach towards risk assessment
  • Documentation.

30.Why do you want to use SSH from a Windows computer?

Multiple organizations use a secure connection known as SSH on a host of different systems and dedicated appliances. The actual SSH protocol can be implemented on a variety of systems. Programs like Filezilla have Windows ports available. They simplify the connectivity for Windows ports and Linux users.

31.What is the meaning of a POST code?

When a system refuses to boot, Post is the best system available. The specific POST codes may highlight what an organization doesn’t like about its current set up. This highlighting is done by using display LEDs in modern systems. However, the minimum required components to boot need to be available before applying for the POST code.

32.How would you differentiate between Black Hat and White Hat?

A computer hacker who violates cybersecurity out of maliciousness or for some personal gain is a Black Hat hacker. They break into secure networks intending to steal or modify data. They are illegal hacking groups.

White Hat hackers are groups of ethical hackers.

 They are computer security experts who specialize in different methods of computer testing.  They ensure the information system of an organization.

Conclusion– Gradually, multiple organizations understand the need to protect their data. They understand how crucial it is to prevent data from leaking. So, the organizations are proactively seeking ISO 27001 certification.

Apart from the above question if you want to know more then check out Vinsys for more such technical, managerial, quality, training & certification.

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