SAP Interview Questions and Answers

Top SAP Interview Questions and Answers Updated (2022)

Nowadays clients are more inspired by the possibility of collaboration with a singular unified framework. SAP oversees information such that proficiency can be gotten utilizing the different extensive modules moved by it. The scope of the SAP interview questions and answers implementation highlights the fact that the depth of SAP knowledge and experience required here is very detailed due to the difficulty of manipulating the data and the complexity of the implementation nature. For this reason, there is a great demand for SAP technology certification. SAP Interview Questions for freshers and experienced candidates.

In the last 10 years, SAP has had more than 140K installations worldwide, more than 25 industry-specific business solutions, and more than 75K customers in 120 countries.

SAP is now a more expensive discipline and can be considered a competitive discipline for IT. Given that SAP’s career offers highly paid and rewarding work to those with SAP’s technical skills, it’s no wonder that this area is becoming more and more talented and saturated. Below are SAP interview questions

SAP Interview Questions

1. What is SAP?                     

SAP represents the call of the ERP software program and additionally the call of the enterprise. SAP Software enterprise is based in 1972 in Walldorf, Germany. They increase software program answers for commercial enterprise operations control and patron relationships control.

The SAP system has many fully integrated modules that cover almost every aspect of business management. The primary advantage of utilizing SAP as an enterprise ERP solution is that SAP has a greater degree of integration between applications, which ensures data consistency throughout the system and within the company.

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2. What is ERP?

ERP stands for Enterprise Resource Planning Software, an integrated computerized system for effective management of enterprise resources. Guarantee smooth information and manage workflows between companies or different departments of the company.

Ensure a smooth flow of information and manage workflows within your company or various departments of your company. Initially, the main purpose of ERP was to plan and manage core businesses such as production and financial markets. Now it’s useful to consolidate information across your organization.

3. Tell me about the different SAP Products?

SAP R / 3: The successor to SAP R / 2 and the market leader in the ERP field. R / 3 represents three-level architecture. H. Presentation, logic, and data levels. There are many modules such as SD, FI, HR, etc., covering almost all company departments.

mySAP: This is a suite of SAP products that includes the following (in addition to SAP R / 3) : 

  • SRM
  • PLM
  • CRM 
  • SCM

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4. Why do you use SAP? Tell me in brief

SAP supports organizations and companies of all sizes to enable industries to run their businesses profitably, sustain change, and grow sustainably. 

 The company develops SAP software solutions for large, midsize, and small businesses. All business processes can be mapped and designed using standard applications, platforms, industry solutions, and technologies. SAP software collects and processes data on a single platform. Data can be associated with raw material purchases, production, customer satisfaction, and more.

SAP solutions can be used from the cloud or installed “on-premises” by users to help enterprises efficiently analyze and design their entire value chain.

In addition, SAP solutions can help you make forecasts such as sales trends over the next 6 months and when machines will need to be repaired.

In addition, SAP helps customers correctly link business process operational data with experimental data about emotional factors such as customer feedback and purchasing experiences. This allows businesses to better understand and respond to their customers.

5. Tell me about NetWeaver and its advantages?

NetWeaver is a convenient solution for our customers as it can support the entire my SAP product suite on a single integrated platform called the SAP Web Application Server (SAP WEBA). 

 NetWeaver works on all computers that use the HTTP protocol and also on smartphones, saving you the cost and time of training your customers to access SAP databases in a more complex setup.

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6. What is Metadata, Master data, and Transaction data?


Metadata represents data about the data. It provides information about the structure of the data, database table objects, and more. For example, the ABAP Dictionary provides information about the data in the RDBMS. 

Master data:

Master data includes everything your organization does and how it is defined differently than your business units or competitors. Helps you create a 360-degree business view. It consists of important business information such as customer information, materials, and employees. This is similar to reference data. For example, if a customer orders a product with 5 units, you can reference it from the customer master data instead of requesting the shipping address five times. 

Transaction data:

Transaction data consists of data related to everyday transactions. For example, details of daily production in terms of materials, material procurement, daily transactions, etc.

7. Tell me about SAP Pooled Tables?

Pooled tables are a special type of table that resides in the SAP ABAP (Advanced Business Application Programming) dictionary and is used to store control data. The pool table was created internally by SAP. There is a many-to-one relationship with the tables in the SAP database.

This means that the SAP data dictionary can have some small tables against the provided pool tables in the database. Pool tables are used by SAP for consolidating and maintaining a large number of small tables. This can reduce the disk space and resources required at the database level. SAP mainly uses pooled tables for system data maintenance.

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8. Is SAP a database or dataset?

SAP should not be called a database, rather an application that uses databases from other vendors such as Oracle and SQL Server.  Records are sequential files that are processed by the application server. These are used for file processing in SAP

SAP Interview Questions For Experienced Candidates

9. How BEx is related to SAP?

BEx Business Explorer is a tool provided by SAP SE software companies that helps you enter data into your BW Business Warehouse integration plan and create planning applications. 

BEx allows end-users to search for reports, execute queries, analyze information, and view reports. If employees are granted access, current or historical data can be evaluated from different perspectives with different levels of detail.

BEx has the following components:

  • BEx Map
  • BEx Analyzer
  • BEx Web

Queries that exist in the workbook can be saved to the corresponding role in the BEx browser. 

BEx Information Broadcasting helps you distribute the created objects in Business Explorer via email, either as a document file containing pre-computed historical data or as a link to live data. This content can be published on the portal.

10. Explain SAP R3 in Detail?

SAP R3 is a set of highly integrated 3rd generation software modules. It is one of SAP’s most important products, where R stands for Real-time and 3 stands for 3-tier application architecture. 

 It is primarily designed to coordinate all resources, information, and activities needed to perform common business processes such as human resource management, billing, order processing, and production planning. 

 It can be used by any organization, anywhere in the world, regardless of operational differences.

SAP has 3 classes, which are

Presentation layer: 

This layer has a software program that relates to the additives such as SAPgui – SAP Graphical User Interface. This layer is answerable for sending a consumer to the software server and retrieving and showing records from it.  

Application Layer: 

 Consists of a singular or more than one utility server and message server. The message server forwards requests from one utility server within the device to another. It additionally consists of records of approximately utility server corporations and the contemporary load balancing among them. This record is used to assign the suitable server while the person logs in to the device.  

Database layer: 

Contains a central database system that contains all the data for the R / 3 system. SAP has advanced its very own database referred to as HANA, that’s well suited with many databases inclusive of Oracle.

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11. What do you know about the Process Integration and Process Orchestration in SAP?

SAP PI / PO is a tool that allows you to integrate your SAP system solution with other SAP or non-SAP systems. This makes it easy to synchronize data between different systems. For example, suppose you are using an SAP ERP system and want to integrate it with your CRM system. This can be done using PI. This allows users to easily perform integrations using standard tools that can maintain different connections in one place.

Data can also be synchronized with the storage system via SAP PI / PO. For example, suppose you want to send all the information related to an order. How they are used, which must be manufactured, and when they must be shipped. 

With the help of SAP PI / PO, your work will be easier and smoother. This is because developers and organizations have a single tool that can be used for different integration variants instead of using multiple different tools for small tasks.

12. What are the SAP variables?

The variable is the query parameter specified in the parameter query definition and the value is assigned only after the query is entered in the workbook.  There are different types of variables that can be used in different applications. Commonly used variables include text, formulas, replacement paths, user input/default types, hierarchies, hierarchy nodes, property variables, and processing types.

13. What do you know about the Logic Unit of Work (LUW)?

LUW (Logical Unit of Work) is a set of database operations that are intended to be fully executed (followed by commits) or never executed (followed by rollbacks). This helps ensure the integrity of the database. If LUW completes successfully, the database will be in the correct state. Nevertheless, if an error occurs within the LUW, the database will be reverted to its prior state if any changes were made since the start of the LUW.

For example, in the general ledger, if you want to remit a certain amount, you need to deduct that amount from account A and add it to account B. The data needs to be consistent before and after the transfer process, but the data can be inconsistent between these two steps. If the amount is successfully transferred by LUW, the amount will be deducted from account A and added to account B. If an error occurs in the meantime, the database must be restored to its previous state before starting LUW.

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14. Explain what is Batch Data Communication (BDC)?

BDC (Batch Data Communication) is used to transfer data from non-SAP systems to SAP R / 3 systems. Instead of manually entering the data, you can add a large amount of data to the database of SAP tables. Use transaction SHDB (transaction code for transaction recording in SAP) for recording and cursor movement. This cursor movement is detected by SAP software and the data is sent or saved in the correct location according to Excel or a flat-file.

There are three methods you can use to transfer data. The BDC method is as follows:

Batch Input Session Method: 

This method is primarily used in ABAP programming when there are no other methods. The online transaction process is simulated and the data transfer is the same as online. A batch input folder containing all the data and screens is created and processed by SHDB. If you make changes to the screens, you need to add those screens to your program. Otherwise, the BDC will fail. 

Direct Input Method: 

This method transfers the data in the input file directly to the SAP database. You don’t have to include the screen. This method uses a function module to complete the task. 

Invoking a Transaction Method: 

Processes the data asynchronously and transfers only a small amount of data. Here, the data is updated automatically and processed more quickly. If you use this method, the error must be dealt with explicitly.

15. What do you know about the SAP Services?

SAP Application Management Services: 

Includes application development, implementation, integration, testing, monitoring, help desk services, maintenance and support (technical and functional), backup, and recovery.  

SAP Platform Modernization: 

The modernization approach transforms SAP into a dynamic, agile, high-performance digital core that can adapt to changing market conditions and customer requirements. 

HANA Migration and Migration Services: 

Provides integrated business planning and digital migration strategies for S / 4HANA migration. Our goal is to migrate useful features while implementing technologies that support the current and future needs of the organization. 

SAP S / 4 HANA Implementation Services: 

This allows enterprises to meet the requirements of the digital economy. 

SAP Technology Platform and Infrastructure Services: 

This service ensures that your ERP platform is robust and secure, whether it’s an existing SAP platform, part of S / 4 HANA, or cloud migration/implementation. 

16. Tell me the basics of S/4 HANA ?

SAP S / 4HANA (SAP Business Suite 4 SAP HANA) is an ERP software package based on SAP HANA (in-memory database) that enables companies to execute ERP transactions and analyze business data in real-time. S / 4HANA is easy to use and manage for complex problem solving and processes larger amounts of data than previous versions.

SAP certification is delivered in on-premises, cloud, and hybrid delivery models, forcing customers to move to the cloud. SAP S / 4HANA is primarily used by companies to integrate and manage business functions such as sales, finance, procurement, human resources development, services, and manufacturing in real-time.

17. What do you know about SAP Portal?

The SAP Enterprise Portal (SAP EP) provides users with secure web-based role-specific access to all services, information, and applications in the SAP environment. Employees only need a desktop and a web browser and can start working as soon as they successfully authenticate with the portal. 

This includes the NetWeaver component portal, collaboration, and knowledge management. Predefined content is also provided by SAP. The portfolio currently contains over 100 business packages that can be sent in many languages.  

The main advantage of using this portal is that you can use multiple JSP pages (Java Server Pages) at the same time. Here you can create individual views. Each view can be a JSP page or a web page that supports interaction with the J2EE server, and the same page can handle multiple tasks. It can also be used in platform-independent applications. You can run and implement this to maintain many applications such as Microsoft Outlook.

18. Are you aware of the SAP launchpad?

SAP Launchpad uses a personalized role-based Launchpad site to simplify access to business applications. This service allows organizations to set up a single access point to SAP (e.g. SAP S / 4HANA), third-party custom applications, and more, both on-premises and in the cloud.

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SAP Certification Cost ?

SAP Certification Cost in India INR 40000.

SAP certification cost vary from SAP training institute to institute it also depends upon which SAP module you want to learn. Also SAP training company have SAP certified trainers and depending upon the number of years of experience SAP training company vary SAP training cost.

SAP certification cost = SAP training cost + SAP examination fees

Conclusion – SAP Interview Questions

Obtaining a technical position requires the theory and basic concepts of freshmen applying for SAP jobs, but experienced candidates must have both practical and applied concepts. For experienced candidates, many questions about SAP relate to previous projects and roles. 

This article contains a list of frequently asked interview questions that apply to all modules in SAP. Candidates who want to pursue SAP executive positions, etc. should review these questions before heading to an SAP interview question.

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